An accident reconstruction laboratory is a mobile laboratory that determines the cause of an accident by visiting the accident spot and inspecting the vehicle/s involved in the accident for insurance claims. The major tasks performed are determining the cause of the accident, the driver at the time of accident, the involvement of another vehicle in it, metal examination, lock examination, authentication of documents, like FIR report, fire brigade report, driving license, etc.
A proper investigation at a crime scene can narrow down the sequential order in which the crime/ accident might have taken place, which helps to reconstruct the crime scene and determine the cause of the accident. Since the crime scene (usually roads), cannot be blocked for a long time and the vehicle and other things are moved from the crime scene, therefore photography is done at the crime scene so that the relevancy can even be established after the things have been moved from their actual place.
Our well-qualified and experienced experts work for the completion of the tasks with utmost dedication. With their expertise, following standard protocols, our experts analyze cases carefully and provide their unbiased opinion and forensic report.
We face lakhs of accident cases in our country and the majority of these accidents jolt up insurance cases. To assess whether the claim is fraudulent or not, our accident reconstruction team visits the site of collision for accident review, vehicle examination, and record oral evidence. This service is provided by the best of the brain in our laboratory, who examines several facets of the case and delivers extensive information and evidence related to the case.
Each and every case is dealt with extreme discretion and emphasis is put over recording a series of events and facts stating the story of the collision. Reporting on the scene is given priority as we focus on avoiding the loss of trace evidence. Every statement, explanation, and physical evidence is recorded as per standards and procedures laid down.
The purpose of our laboratory is to bring out the incident that occurred in the right chronology so that an assessment can be acquired whether the incident was deliberate for a false claim or a genuine case of an accident. Reporting is done in an unbiased manner and on time so that the integrity of the investigation remains intact.
DETERMINING THE CAUSE OF ACCIDENT – It deals with the investigation at the incident spot and determining whether the accident took place in the manner informed by the insured or driver at the time of the accident or not. This is the major query in accidental reconstruction cases.
DRIVER AT THE TIME OF ACCIDENT – There are many such cases in which a false person is implanted as a driver during the accident in the vehicle. Besides investigating the incident scene and reconstructing the accident, we also compare the driver’s story with our reconstructed story (based on evidence) and determine, whether he/she was actually the driver or is acting to be so in order to claim the insurance amount.
INVOLVEMENT OF OTHER VEHICLE IN IT – We also ask people/witnesses nearby the accident spot, to determine whether there was some other vehicle involved in the accident or not. The examination of marks and scars on the vehicle also helps us determine this, which is further confirmed by metal examination, lock examination, paint examination, and various other techniques.
AUTHENTICATION OF DOCUMENTS – In order to determine the relativeness of the story of the insured/ driver, we verify all the major documents related to insured, driver, and vehicle, which includes FIR report, fire brigade report, driving license of the driver, ID proof of insured as well as the driver, insurance papers, towing receipts, medical records (if someone is injured), registration certificate, vehicle service papers, etc. This plays a vital role in determining, whether the accident was caused deliberately or was unintentional.
CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION KIT – It comprises of barricading tape, measuring tape, tongs, tweezers, forceps, pliers, screwdriver, and various other tools to access the crime scene. Other than these, it comprises of gloves, masks, goggles for the safety of the investigator. It also comprises marking boards and different packaging material, in order to mark the exhibits found at the crime scene and later, lift and pack these exhibits.
FINGERPRINT KIT – This kit comprises of various tools and equipment, which are required to lift the fingerprints from the crime scene and also to take fingerprints from some suspect/ concerned person. It majorly comprises of fingerprinting ink, roller, fingerprint cards, tiles, fluorescent powders, camel hair brushes, lifting tape, superglue, scale, spraying bottle, etc.
DSLR CAMERA – The camera is used to take high-resolution images of the crime scene as well as the exhibits for their preservation in records. This is specially done in order to relate the exhibits to the crime scene later on.
STEREO-MICROSCOPE – It is used to get an enlarged view of received exhibits, which are used to carefully observe the minute details in them.