Our document examination laboratory deals with all typeforensic services related to any sort of forgery or authentication of any typeof document, whether it be handwritten, printed, photocopied, typewritten,currency, bank documents, identity proofs, inscriptions, etc. The major tasksperformed are comparison of signatures and handwritings, deciphering ofindented writings and obliterations, identification of editing in documents(such as additions and deletions), forgery identification in the documents,examination of cheque, charred documents, fake currency, examination ofsecurity features of the documents, ink analysis, analysis of stamp or seal,etc.
We have all the sophisticated tools and equipment, requiredfor analysis of any document that is questioned or doubted, whether it be anonymousletter, will, agreement, contract, currency notes, writings on walls, etc. Thelaboratory is not just restricted to these, but all provide services like decipheringthe secret writings/ invisible ink, recovery of ‘struck off’ content and manysuch challenging tasks.
Our well-qualified and experienced experts work for thecompletion of the tasks with utmost dedication. With their expertise, followingstandard protocols, our experts analyse cases carefully and provide theirunbiased opinion and forensic report.
DocumentExamination is potentially considered for purpose of establishing genuiness ornon-genuiness of document. This includes a skilled examiner who investigatesdocument in question thoroughly.
Unlike otherorganization we provide a comprehensive document examination service, whichincludes handwriting examination, signature verification, charred documentrestoration, and examination of AML documents for this our examination unit isequipped with sophisticated instruments such as ESDA, VSC, digital microscope,stereo-microscope and ultra violet lamp. No stone is left unturned during the processof investigation.
Our expert are professionalin their approach and investigation is conducted thoroughly with the aim ofhelping law enforcement agency and giving closure to clients. To accomplishthis we stick to fact based searching process of investigation laid down bypioneers of document examination and forensic fraternity.
Major services provided by the laboratory are:
COMPARISONOF SIGNATURES – It deals with the analysis of the disputed or questionedsignature with the standard signatures of the concerned person whose signatureneeds to be verified.
COMPARISONOF HANDWRITING - It deals with the examination of the disputed handwritingwith the standard handwriting to determine whether the writing is executed bythe same suspected or concerned person. Thus, determining the authorship of thehandwriting.
DOCUMENT AUTHENTICATION – It is performedto detect any kind of tampering done in the documents, in respect to thecontent, signature on photo on the document,produced to change the original worth of the documents.
DECIPHERINGOF INDENTED WRITINGS - It is the examination of the writing left below theoriginal writing, i.e. created by the pressure of writing instrument.Deciphering of these indentations reveal the actual writing and is done usingESDA and then, photography of the document is done.
DECIPHERINGOBLITERATED WRITING- Itismainlyconcernedwith the examination of addition or deletion in the documents which is achievedby using the correction fluid, or tape or by repetitive strokes, with an intentto hide the actual writing. Non-destructive examination of obliterated writingis performed and photography of the revealed writing in done using differentlight sources.
EXAMINATIONOF THE TYPEWRITTEN DOCUMENT - Itisperformed to identify the typewriter used to create the document. Eachtypewriter produces some characteristic marks which individualizes itsidentity. Further, analysis can be performed to identify any kind of alterationdone to the typewritten document for gaining illegal benefits.
EXAMINATIONOF THE SEQUENCE OFSTROKES – It is done when multiple intersectingstrokes are observed, to identify which stroke is produced first and which strokeis succeeded by the previous one. This analysis determine whether the writingor letter is executed simultaneously by the same person or produced later by someother person.
CERTIFICATEVERIFICATION – It is performed to authenticate, whether the providedcertificate is genuine or fake, as each genuine certificate is unique inproduction and possess important features, like: serial number, QR code,watermark, hologram, etc.
INK ANALYSIS - Itistheexamination carried out to determine, whether the ink of the two writing issame or not, which finally determines that used writing instrument was same ordifferent.
VIDEOSPECTRAL COMPARATOR (VSC-4) – This instrument comprises ofdifferent light sources and a recording device, automatically adjusting itselfin various angles. It is used to detect the different inks and dyes used in adocument. Indeed, there is no question on its efficiency and accuracy.
ELECTROSTATICDETECTION APPARATUS (ESDA) – This instrument is used to decipher the indented writings,observed on a paper left below the original paper and produced due to pressureof writing instrument. The instruments doesn’t destroy the document and is verysensitive in its working. Even after years of indentations being produced, itcan decipher the content.
STEREO-MICROSCOPE – It isused to get an enlarged view of the exhibit document, which is used tocarefully observe the minute details of writing and characteristics of thewriter.
MISCOPE - It is aportable microscope, with various light sources, used to decipher theobliterated writing. The device has a camera, which is used to capture theresult.
ULTRA-VIOLETLAMP – The device comprises of a lamp producing light ofwavelength in UV region, which is used to decipher the obliterated writing.
DSLR CAMERA – Thecamera is used to take high resolution images of the exhibits as well as theresults for their preservation in records.
ROFIN'SPOLIRAY – It is a portable light source, which gives a 75W focusedand even bright beam, which is used for studying minute characteristics ofhandwriting.
COLOURFILTERS – These are used with the Poliray to focus a surface orexhibit with a specific colour, used in either combination or contrast, inorder to obtain better results.
SCANNER – It isused to scan the exhibit (document) at high resolution, which is required tostudy minute details of document at high magnification.
RING LIGHTILLUMINATORS – They are white light illuminators, which are used to focusbright light over the exhibit (document).
SPHEROMETER – Thisinstrument is used to measure the thickness of the paper, used inauthentication of document, comprising of multiple pages.
GRIDS ANDRULERS – These are used for marking on the document to measure thesize of document and handwriting features. These are also used for live sizephotography.
TLC KIT – This kit comprises of TLC chamber, TLC platesand various chemicals, which are used in ink analysis.